History and Kulture City Sivrihisar.
Being the biggest district of Eskişehir, Sivrihisar is a city of history and culture whose roots go deep like a plane tree and which holds its head high, has seen many eras and is blameless. It is named after the sharp rocks whose foothills it was established on. The city center is on the intersection point of Ankara, Eskişehir and İzmir highways. It draws attention with its sharp rocks rising to the sky on the foothills of a volcanic rock mass which is the extension of Mountain Çal. In Hisarönü – Balkayasi site of the rocks, a painted rock picture was located by Eskişehir Archaeological Museum Directorate, and a scene consisting of human, horse and dog figures was depicted with red paint on the surface of the rock. This picture which was dated back to Chalcolithic Period is significant not only because it is the first and only example in Sivrihisar region but also in Central Anatolia. Archaeological researches demonstrates that Sivrihisar region was densely inhabited during Bronze ages. The region is also the main settlement area of the Phrygians, the strong kingdom of Iron Age. On the rocky slopes of Sivrihisar mountains, Phrygian settlement and good examples of rock monuments are located.
Pessinus settlement (Ballihisar) established by Phrygian King Midas is located here. The famous Persian Royal Road of the period pass through Pessinus within the borders of the district.
It maintains its commercial and military importance during Roman and Byzantine period. The current name of the Castle in the northwest of the district center and the settlement on the foothills is Spaleia. Sivrihisar fell under the domination of Seljuqs in 1071. During this period, a development movement started in the district which was named Karahisar, and structures such mosques, madrasas and bathhouses were built.
The region which went under the domination of the ilkhanids after the Anatolian Seljuk Empire was demolished in 1308 remained within the borders of Germiyans Principality whose center is in Kutahya and which was among the Turkish principalities which declared independence after the impact of this state on Anatolia decreased.
During the period of Sultan I. Murad, it is a district bound to the central Sanjak of Ankara province. It went under Eskisehir province in 1912. The lands of the district which were invaded by the Greeks after the World War I survived the invasion on September 20th, 1921.
One can see the Seljuk Heritage in almost every corner of Sivrihisar, the birthplace of Nasreddin Hodja. Sivrihisar is waiting to be discovered with its magnificent historical monuments in its old streets, the ancient Phrygian city of Pessinus and the rest area of migratory birds Balıkdamı Bird Paradise.
Sivrihisar, The City Which Preserver Civilizations in Its Cliffs !
Our Sivrihisar hosted many civilizations during history. It is the first settlement in Anatolia. Our district is a city of ulemas which raised professors, qadis, veziers and pashas for the Ottoman Empire with its traditions, sayings and wisdoms in its local language, local foods, handcrafting, jewelery, local outfits, customs and the value which the presence of 14 mad rasas attached. Nations which do not protect their history cannot build their future on a solid ground. Our social values are an inheritance for us, and we endeavor to reach better in the name of our district which remains standing today with all of its glory.
We invite all of our guests who want to explore this historical treasure of culture which is conserved with its Nasreddin Hodja, Hızır Bey, Yunus Emre… scholars, scientists, wa\is, many legends, mosques, inns, bathhouses, churches, fountains, historical houses and streets. Best Regards…
Kayaların da Medeniyetleri Saklayan Şehir, Sivrihisar !
Sivrihisar tarih süresince pek çok medeniyetlere ev sahipliği yapmıştır. Anadolu’da ilk yerleşim yeri olma özelliği taşır, ilçemiz, gelenek ve görenekleri, yerel dilinde barındırdığı özlü sözleri ve deyimleri, yöresel yemekleri, el sanatları, takıları, yöresel kıyafetleri, örf ve adetleri, 14 medresenin varlığının verdiği kıymetle, Osmanlı imparatorluğuna müderris, kadı, vezir, paşa yetiştiren bir ulemalar şehridir. Geçmişine sahip çıkmayan uluslar ve milletler geleceğini sağlam temeller üzerine kuramazlar. Toplumsal değerlerimiz bizlere bir mirastır, bugün tüm ihtişamı ile ayakta kalan ilçemiz adına daha iyiye ulaşmak için çalışıyoruz.
Nasreddin Hoca’sı, Hızır Beyi, Yunus Emre’si… alim, bilgin ve bilim adamları, evliyaları ve onlarca menkıbeleri, camileri, hanları, hamamları, kilisesi, çeşmeleri, tarihi evleri, sokakları ile yaşatılan bu tarihi kültür hazinesini keşfetmeyi isteyen tüm misafirlerimizi Sivrihisar’a bekliyoruz.
Saygı ve Sevgilerimle… Hamid YÜZÜGÜLLÜ SİVRİHİSAR BELEDİYE BAŞKANI
SİVRİHİSAR (CENTER) FOLKLORE ESKİŞEHİR
MA Thesis, Department of Turkish Language and Literature Uşak University, Institute of Social Sciences, June 2014 Supervisor: Asst. Prof. Derya ÖZCAN
In this study, it has been dwellt on compilation and analysis of folklore and folk literature products of Sivrihisar (center) district of Eskişehir.
In order to provide being in existence of some oral products, which continue their existences colloquially but not taking part in written sources, in the future as well demand of being registered the products of folklore and folk literature systematically by being collected and compiled has gained more importance as days pass. That’s to say the aim of this thesis has arisen from this point. To prevent to disappear of the cultural values we have by realizing them. Beliefs in public, one of the main problems of the folklorists, become monotonous across the fast developing technology and become meaningless more than disappearing have lost their moral base day by day. The aim of this study is to contribute endemically to our folklore products which have been lost.
Some of the information in the thesis have been gotten from written sourcess whereas the great amount of information in it have been gotten from oral sources. There are young ones as well among our references, but most of them are generally ones who are upon certain average of age. This situation has shown us that our study we did can be really useful. Because, the folk idioms and beliefs etc. which have been disappeared gradually can be protected in this way; will teach to the next generations how we had a rich oral culture in the past even if they won’t be used among them.
In conclusion, this study is so important in terms of collecting the folklore products and besides it is very useful in terms of sheding light on the past of the local community. Nowadays, even if the folklore products cannot protect their existences compared to the past, living ones have been tried to be dealt here.
Author: Tahsin ALTIN
– ingilizce –